This means it’s an image laid out or carved by people onto the Earth’s surface at such a scale that it can only be seen to represent something from afar (ideally from the air). Up until the late 19th century CE the White Horse was scoured every year, as part of a two day Midsummer country fair, which also included traditional games and merrymaking. The best view of it is from the air, although it can be seen from nearby hills and is visible from 20 miles away. Photo courtesy Vale of White Horse District Council. The monument is 360 feet (110 metres) long and has a maximum height of 130 feet (40 metres). A mysterious White Horse is carved into the chalk hillside above the village of Uffington, Oxfordshire. The horse lies on the Ridgeway Trail, Britain’s oldest footpath. Other articles where Whitehorse Hill is discussed: Vale of White Horse: …856 feet (285 metres) at Whitehorse Hill, on which a gigantic figure (374 feet [114 metres] long) of a horse is cut, the turf having been removed to reveal the white chalky subsoil. The elegant creature almost melts into a landscape rich in prehistoric sites. Welcome to Uffington Church of England Primary School We are a small inclusive primary school, providing education from 2 ½ through to 11 and are in a lovely setting, in the heart of the village, close to the White Horse Hill. The Uffington white horse can be found 1.5 miles due south of Uffington village on the Berkshire downs (although now in Oxfordshire). The image is a stylised representation of a horse (some would say dragon) some 374 feet in length, and is thought to date back as far as 1000BC in … Research Shows Cerne Abbas Giant Chalk Figure Is NOT Ancient. Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Comment. The carving has been placed in such a way as to make it extremely difficult to see from close quarters, and like many geoglyphs it is best appreciated from the air. The Horse is only part of the unique complex of ancient remains that are found at White Horse … Louise is a regular stall holder at markets local to Uffington where you can view and buy her pots. No one really seems sure how old it is, although estimates say it’s at least 2500 years old. The Museum explains the history and archaeology of the area, including the world-famous Uffington White Horse, illustrates the village’s connections with Thomas Hughes and his famous books, and also the time that the late poet laureate, Sir John Betjeman, spent living in Uffington with his family. It was originally built in around 700 BC, a simple, but massive, ditch and bank affair, topped with chalk-filled timber ramparts. Martin Symington visited the sight and couldn't decide if it looked more like a horse or a dragon. Other articles where Whitehorse Hill is discussed: Vale of White Horse: …856 feet (285 metres) at Whitehorse Hill, on which a gigantic figure (374 feet [114 metres] long) of a horse is cut, the turf having been removed to reveal the white chalky subsoil. Beautiful views from the white horse and Uffington castle mound (iron age fort). Of course, the other big attraction at Uffington is the White Horse, a stylised horse shape, picked out in the chalk on the hillside beside the hillfort. Though the majority of these glyphs date within the last three hundred years or so there are one or two that are much older. Other articles where Uffington White Horse is discussed: Berkshire: …the Iron Age, is the Uffington White Horse, which is carved into the chalk of the White Horse Hill. Haughton, Brian. It is of unknown origin and date but is certainly prehistoric. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Uffington White Horse, the horse's head. The Uffington White Horse One of the most magnificent and mysterious sights in England is the Uffington White Horse. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. The horse is only part of the unique complex of ancient remains that are found at White Horse … In June 2010 CE vandals sprayed part of the White Horse with purple paint. We have completed a piece of artwork by Between the castle and the Horse lie a number of burial mounds, the most obvious being the Pillow Mound. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. The earliest documentary reference to a Horse at Uffington is from the 1070′s CE when ‘White Horse Hill’ is mentioned in Charters from the nearby Abbey of Abingdon, and the first reference to the Horse itself is soon after, in 1190 CE. All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. Uffington is a village and civil parish in Oxfordshire, about 4 miles south of Faringdon and 6 miles west of Wantage. Ancient mystery: Uffington White Horse has occupied the Berkshire Downs for 3,000 years Oxfordshire’s Uffington horse, in the care of the National Trust, really is ancient. Dated 3,000-years-old by archaeologists, the Uffington Horse is believed to be the stallion that started this trend. Uffington White Horse viewed from the north. The white horse gallops onwards, as it has for more than 3,000 years, but as Andy Foley, the local National Trust ranger points out, “Uffington is not just about the white horse. You can access White Horse Hill from a National Trust pay and display parking lot nearby. The White Horse of Uffington is one of the most impressive sites close to the ancient Ridgeway path. 5 out of 5 stars (67) 67 reviews $ 23.69. Here are some facts about the Uffington White Horse. Your email address will not be published. and 550 B.C. It is of unknown origin and date but is certainly prehistoric. Was the Uffington white horse carved by supporters of a cult of the horse-goddess or created for ritual or religious purposes? Name * Email * Website. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 30 Mar 2011. Old European Decipherment: Cracking the code of Old European by analyzing... Notebook: Tribal Horse , Journal for Writing, College Ruled Size 6"... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Several grass paths to choose from leading to the White Horse or to Uffington Castle. However, the carving is believed to date back much further than that. Books All good exercise and easy walking. Read more. The top of the hill offers a wonderful scenic view of the White Horse valley. Uffington White Horse has also inspired lookalike hill figures, including one facing left in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. The Uffington White Horse is a 110m long figure cut into a chalky hillside in Oxfordshire, England. Teapot Tearoom – Britchcombe Farm, Uffington (seasonal) New Brewery Arts – Cirencester. White Horse Reception’s attendance for last week was 98.00%. High quality Uffington White Horse gifts and merchandise. Above the White Horse, topping the hill, is an 8-acre hillfort, Uffington Castle, and the highest point in Oxfordshire. facts, great facts, interesting facts. I love the shape, it’s reminiscent of images on Celtic coins. White Horse of Uffingtonby superdove (CC BY-NC-SA). The most famous of these figures is perhaps also the most mysterious, the Uffington White Horse in Oxfordshire. Search for: Recent Posts. The method of cutting these huge figures was simply to remove the overlying turf to reveal the gleaming white chalk below. Uffington White Horse Climbing Notes. Haughton, B. Required fields are marked *. How to See The Uffington White Horse . Fittingly, it is also only a matter of a few miles from the Berkshire town of Lambourn, the most important centre for horseracing in Britain with its many stables and stud farms. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. The Uffington Horse is also surrounded by Neolithic and Bronze Age burial mounds. A number of other prehistoric remains… Perhaps the St. George connection with the White Horse is a confused memory of some strange prehistoric ritual performed on Dragon Hill by its creators, perhaps as long as three thousand years ago. Settlements uncovered in the river valleys and eastern Berkshire also date from the… Other sites include Dragon Hill, The Manger and Uffington Castle – all the subject of legend and folklore. Thank you! There are some who believe that the great carving does not represent a horse at all but a dragon. Bibliography For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Some researchers see the Horse as representing the Celtic horse goddess Epona, who was worshipped as a protector of horses, and also had associations with fertility. Also nearby is the Manger, a series of giant terraces, where the white horse is said to sleep at night. This is the Uffington White Horse, the oldest of the English hill figures. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Consider things such as access and accommodation at the base of Uffington White Horse, as well as the logistics of climbing to the summit. It was created by digging trenches into the hillside and then filling them in with white chalk. The White Horse The White Horse of Uffington, with its elegant lines of white chalk bedrock, is thought to be the oldest hill figure in Britain. A legend connected with Dragon Hill, a low natural flat-topped mound situated in the valley below the White Horse, suggests that the Horse depicts the mythical dragon slain by St. George on that hill. The White Horse of Uffington. Not all of these gigantic chalk figures are very old. Local historians fancy that it's linked with Alfred the Great, but it is now understood that it greatly predates that period. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Clearly they wanted to make their mark at the highest point in the landscape, and perhaps a white horse was their tribal totem. The Uffington White Horse is a highly stylized prehistoric hill figure situated on the upper slopes of White Horse Hill. One fact about the White Horse of Uffington Did you know? (2011, March 30). The White Horse has recently been redated and shown to be even older than its previously assigned ancient pre-Roman Iron Age date. These giant carvings are a fascinating glimpse into the lives and minds of their creators and how they viewed the landscape in which they lived. Other geoglyphs from the past include the Megaliths in the Urals, the Uffington White Horse, the Long Man of Wilmington, and many others. But this does not lessen their importance. The latter end of this date range would tie the carving of the Horse in with occupation of the adjacent Uffington hillfort, and may perhaps represent a tribal emblem or symbol marking the land of the inhabitants of the hillfort. Unlike the solid and more or less naturalistic figures of the other horses, the Uffington white horse is formed from stylized curving lines some ten feet or less wide, and its length of around 365 feet makes it over twice as long as the longest of the Wiltshire horses. latest news. BringBackBuck8 wrote a review Dec 2019. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. The figure is estimated to date from between 1,000 BC and 100 AD. The internationally-renowned Bronze-Age Uffington White Horse can be seen for miles away leaping across the head of a dramatic dry valley in the Ridgeway escarpment. The Horse is situated on a steep escarpment, close to the Late Bronze Age (c. 7th century BCE) hillfort of Uffington Castle and below a long distance Neolithic Track called the Ridgeway. Indeed on a clear day the carving can be seen from up to 30km away. This is northwest of London, approximately 160 miles (by modern driving routes) from Dungeness, where the French troops are landing. What was the purpose of these giant figures, who carved them, and how have the oldest examples survived for perhaps thousands of years? The ‘Uffington White Horse’ refers to a 110 m long figure carved into a hill that dates back to the late prehistoric period. The monument is 360 feet (110 metres) long and has a maximum height of 130 feet (40 metres). The oldest of these white mares is the Uffington White Horse. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/article/229/. It’s a 3,000-year-old pictogram the size of a football field and visible from 20 miles away. Uffington ‘Castle’, which occupies the summit of Whitehorse Hill, is a rare and outstanding example of a large Iron Age hillfort. Stunning views on a clear day including a crop circle at the moment. The 140 km trail dates from prehistoric times and was used by farmers and travellers. In White Horse Class this week we have been looking at the Hindu festival Diwali. However, the cult Epona was imported from Gaul (France) probably in the first century CE, which is when we find the first depictions of the horse goddess. We use cookies on our website to give you the most relevant experience by remembering your preferences and repeat visits. Uffington Castle survives as a well known and outstanding example of its class. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Alternatively, the carving may have been created for ritual / religious purposes. About Uffington Victory over the Danes by King Alfred is said to have caused the carving of the great White Horse of Uffington which sprawls 400ft across the hillside below the Iron Age battlements of Uffington Castle. Ordnance Survey grid reference: SU 302 866 The Uffington white horse, one of only four that face to the right, is high on an escarpment of the Berkshire Downs below Whitehorse Hill, a mile and a half south of the village of Uffington, and it looks out over the Vale of the White Horse. Attractions near White Horse Hill: (0.21 mi) Uffington Castle (9.25 mi) Incarcerated (9.31 mi) The Museum of Computing (9.86 mi) STEAM - Museum of the Great Western Railway (7.38 mi) Buscot House; View all attractions near White Horse Hill on Tripadvisor $ Uffington White Horse Facts The Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric figure of a horse. The cutting of huge figures or geoglyphs into the turf of English hillsides has been going on for more than 3000 years. Submitted by Brian Haughton, published on 30 March 2011 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. There have been at least twenty-four of these hill figures in Britain, with no less than thirteen being in Wiltshire, with the oldest white horse, just over the border at Uffington in Oxfordshire. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. One reason that the vast majority of hill figures have disappeared is that when the traditions associated with the figures faded, people no longer bothered or remembered to clear away the grass to expose the chalk outline. The blood of the dying dragon was supposed to have been spilled on Dragon Hill, leaving a bare white chalk scar where to this day no grass will grow. The Uffington white horse. Our understanding of the monument has been enhanced by partial excavation and geophysical survey from which the site is known to contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built. A physics professor from Italy described the works as geoglyphs. The Celts clearly used it as a landmark, and crude depictions of it even show up on Iron Age coins. Facts About the Monument to the Great Fire of London, 13 Easy DIY Halloween Decorations – Ideas and Inspiration, 10 Creative DIY Star Wars Christmas Holiday Crafts, Christmas in Germany: Facts About German Christmas Traditions, TT Rockstars Tips: How to Get Better at Times Tables Rock Stars. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. For those of you who don’t know it, or aren’t lucky enough to live as I do, in the Vale which bears its name, the Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric chalk figure, cut into the turf to expose the white chalk beneath, close to the Iron Age hillfort known as Uffington Castle which rings the crest of the hill above it – but a bit older, late Bronze Age - around 3000 years old. Uffington Castle is an ancient Iron Age hillfort and stands on the highest point in Oxfordshire. James. Direct r… Various interpretations of the stylised carvings are possible; some believe that it might be a dragon rather than a horse. The reasons for the creation of these hill figures are probably as varied as the figures represented. Favorite Add to Autumn hare at Uffington DruMarland. Share. The figure has been shown to date to the Bronze Age, by means of optically stimulated luminescence dating carried out following archaeological investigations in 1994. The Uffington White Horse, located on the north-facing chalk escarpment of the Berkshire Downs in England, is an extremely well known ‘geoglyph’. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. The famous White Horse is the oldest chalk-cut hill figure in Britain, perhaps over 3,000 years old. Of course, the other big attraction at Uffington is the White Horse, a stylised horse shape, picked out in the chalk on the hillside beside the hillfort. Ancient History Encyclopedia. It could be the horse for a 'stick-man', but it has a strange … Robin and the troops arriving from Nottingham meet up with William Marshal and his troops at the White Horse in Uffington. and 550 B.C. Cite This Work Learn how your comment data is processed. This date is at least six centuries after the Uffington horse was carved. It is only 1.6 km from the Neolithic Chambered long barrow of Wayland’s Smithy and not far from the Bronze Age cemetery of Lambourn Seven Barrows. However, the grass would soon grow over the glyph again unless it was regularly cleaned or scoured by a fairly large team of men and women. The ‘Uffington White Horse’ refers to a 110 m long figure carved into a hill that dates back to the late prehistoric period. The horse is only part of the unique complex of ancient remains that are found at White Horse Hill. Nestled atop a hill in the parish of Uffington, Oxfordshire, the White Horse carves a 115-meter trotting figure across the green hill overlooking the Vale of White Horse to the north. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Although the Uffington White Horse is carved into the Berkshire Downs, it is actually over the border, in Oxfordshire. After walking around the castle we walked along the ridgeway to wetland smithy. The oldest and most famous hill figure in England is the 110 m long and 40 m high Uffington White Horse, located 2.5 km south of the village of Uffington on the Berkshire Downs, Oxfordshire. It is believed to have been carved into the hillside near the town of Uffington, in Oxfordshire, sometime during the late Bronze Age, between 1380 B.C. Perhaps the carving represents a native British horse-goddess, such as Rhiannon, described in later Welsh mythology as a beautiful woman dressed in gold and riding a white horse. Measuring some 374 feet in length, the stylised image was created by digging trenches into the earth some ten feet wide, exposing the white chalk bedrock below. Make sure you also check out Wayland's Smithy, a neolithic tomb located nearby. The elegant creature almost melts into a landscape rich in prehistoric sites. Fun facts about White Horse Hill The Horse is 111 metres from the tip of its tail to its ear. 6,451 acres (2,612 hectares) according to VCH Berks (1924), ie, including Balking and Woolstone; it was measured as 3,205 acres according to 1851 census, probably without these chapelries. The Uffington White Horse (Ancient Landscape Drawing) British Sterling 925 Silver Pendant Charm WeldedBliss. This unique stylized representation of a horse consists of a long sleek back, thin disjointed legs, a … The horse is located beside the Ridgeway, an ancient long distance footpath that runs along the top of the North Berkshire Downs in Oxfordshire. It is located on a hillside in Oxfordshire, a few km from the towns of Wantage and Farringdon. The Uffington White Horse from above (English-Heritage.org) Despite being very modernist in design, the Uffington White Horse near the town of Wantage is in fact the oldest chalk-cut hill figure in Britain. From around 1677 until the late 18th century, the horse was scoured each year as part of a local festival. It was presumably created out of crushed chalk deposited into deep trenches. Measuring some 374 feet in length, the stylised image was created by digging trenches into the earth some ten feet wide, exposing the white chalk bedrock below. From shop DruMarland. Various interpretations of the stylised carvings are possible; some believe that it might be a dragon rather than a horse. Haughton, Brian. The Uffington White Horse hill figure is on the Berkshire Downs on the south side of the … Settlements uncovered in the river valleys and eastern Berkshire also date from the… The Uffington White Horse is 110 metres long. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. If, as is now believed, the Celts were settled in Britain at the latest by the end of the Bronze Age, then the White Horse could still be interpreted as a Celtic horse-goddess symbol. The Uffington White Horse seen from the air The original White Horse, a stylized Bronze Age figure carved into an Oxfordshire hillside This wonderfully stylized and minimalist horse is the granddaddy of white chalk figures, first carved some time in the late Bronze Age some 3,000 years ago. The image is a stylised representation of a horse (some would say dragon) some 374 feet in length, and is thought to date back as far as 1000BC in the late Bronze Age. The Uffington White Horse is 374ft tall and has occupied the Berkshire Downs for 3,000 years. Others, however, see the White Horse as connected with the worship of Belinos or Belinus, ‘the shining one’, a Celtic sun god often associated with horses. It was probably a tribal symbol, intended to designate the area that a tribe controlled. It’s a 3,000-year-old pictogram the size of a football field and visible from 20 miles away. From shop WeldedBliss. The Uffington White Horse is high on an escarpment of the Berkshire Downs below Whitehorse Hill, a mile and a half south of the village of Uffington. Qualified archaeologist with a BA (Hons) from the University of Nottingham and an MPhil in Greek Archaeology from the University of Birmingham. The White Horse of Uffington, with its elegant lines of white chalk bedrock, is thought to be the oldest hill figure in Britain. The oldest and most famous hill figure in England is the 110m long and 40m high Uffington White Horse, located 2.5km south of the village of Uffington on the Berkshire Downs, Oxfordshire. Other articles where Uffington White Horse is discussed: Berkshire: …the Iron Age, is the Uffington White Horse, which is carved into the chalk of the White Horse Hill. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The Uffington White Horse is a prehistoric hill figure, 110 m (360 ft) long, formed from deep trenches filled with crushed white chalk. The Uffington White Horse is another chalk figure, but it dates from a much earlier period. More controversial are the Cerne Abbot Giant in Dorset and the enigmatic Long Man of Wilmington in Sussex. The figure is situated on the upper slopes of White Horse Hill in the English civil parish of Uffington (in the ceremonial county of Oxfordshire and historic county of Berkshire), some 10 mi (16 km) east of Swindon, 8 km (5 mi) south of the town of Faringdon and a similar distance west of the town of Wantage; or 2.5 km (1.6 mi) south of Uffington. Nevertheless, there are certain areas of the Vale of the White Horse, the valley containing and named after the enigmatic creature, from which an adequate impression may be gained. The Uffington White Horse is one of 16 similar horse carvings found throughout southern England. Please submit any useful information about climbing Uffington White Horse that may be useful to other climbers. A mysterious White Horse is carved into the chalk hillside above the village of Uffington, Oxfordshire. Be stored in your browser only with your consent the 140 km dates. 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