5 thoughts on “ How to Use a Fire Extinguisher: An Easy 4-Step Process ” Bethany Birchridge June 12, 2018 at 9:54 am. • Class A: Wood, Paper, cloth, trash, plastics (solids that are not metals). Since fire extinguishers may be needed in order to escape the building, you should include their locations on your map. ; Ensure you remain a safe distance from the fire and remove the safety pin (Fig. Each extinguisher has a seal around its handle that can break down or fall apart. For Class A fire extinguishers, this number ranges from 1 to 40, and for Class B, the rating is from 1 to 640. For instance, electrical systems caught on fire must be extinguished with a CO2 extinguisher, while most common fires should be put out by regular ABC dry powder extinguishers. As a result, the fire extinguisher can’t work and should be replaced. Again, rates for a fire extinguisher recharge vary based on the type of extinguisher and where you live— but to recharge a 20LB ABC dry chemical fire extinguisher, you can expect to pay between around $45 to $50, whereas a 2.5 LB ABC might be around $20, and an extinguisher … The ratings on ABC fire extinguishers vary, but let’s say the one available to you is 10A:120B:C. The easiest way to remember how to use a fire extinguisher is to think of the P.A.S.S technique. The most common fire extinguisher is the ABC fire extinguisher. ABC Fire Extinguishers are "tri-class" or "multi-purpose" extinguishers which can be used on Class A, B, or C fires. Even though class "K" fires are a subset of class "B" fires, they must be treated with extra care and thus warrant a dedicated extinguisher type. The fire safety technician will also conduct hydrostatic testing to measure the integrity of the fire extinguisher’s cylinder. You can use a fire extinguishing spray on a pan fire. Fire Extinguishers Help & Advice. ABC Fire Extinguisher & its usage. As with all fire safety legislation in England and Wales, UK Fire Extinguisher regulations form part of ‘The Regulatory Reform (Fire … If this occurs, the compressed air releases and lowers the pressure inside the extinguisher. ; Aiming the extinguisher: A zip tie is used to avoid accidentally setting it off. They use a dry chemical like mono ammonium phosphate (pale yellow color), which is capable of putting out all three classes of fire quickly. • Class B: Flammable Liquids-Gasoline, oil, grease, acetone (includes flammable gases). Hopefully, you’ll never be in a fire and so you’ll never need to know how to use a fire extinguisher. Specialised powder fire extinguishers, such as L2 powders, are also available to tackle Class D fires involving flammable metals, such as sodium, magnesium, and aluminium. An extinguisher with an ABC rating is suitable for use with fires involving ordinary combustibles, flammable liquids and energized electrical equipment. Below we provide a simplified guide to the UK’s current laws on fire extinguishers. Local fire departments or fire equipment distributors often offer hands-on fire extinguisher trainings. If the room fills with smoke, leave immediately. A fire extinguisher is much like insurance: you purchase it hoping you never need to use it. Know when to go. ABC Fire Extinguishers are very versatile. 3. Carbon dioxide or halon extinguishers are provided for most labs and computer areas on campus. It is very likely that your business is required to have an evacuation map, whether by OSHA, your local fire marshal, your insurance carrier, or industry regulation agency. Now how does this work for ratings? Fire extinguishers perform a necessary and life-saving function, but breathing the chemicals used may cause some health problems. To use a fire extinguisher safely, you should recognize the potential health effects of the fire fighting chemicals. According to the U.S. Fire Administration, in a recent year there were nearly 1,300,000 fires in the US, and they caused nearly 3,300 deaths, 16,000 injuries, and nearly $12 billion in losses/damages.. The chemicals are of particular concern for those suffering from medical conditions and ailments. They are often the ideal choice being that they are able to put out many different types of fires. Before inspecting your fire extinguisher, it is important to know the terminology of the parts being inspected. An ABC Fire Extinguisher is the house or workplace where a fire could result from burning trash, wood, paper, liquids, gases, solvents & electrical equipment. These can spread the fire or tip the burning pan over. Consult your owner's manual, extinguisher label or the manufacturer to see when yours may need such testing. In the Workshop: A 10 Pound ABC Fire Extinguisher. Any fire extinguisher has a label on it. 3) this will break the tamper seal. There are also D and K fire extinguishers, but … Do not use a regular “ABC” fire extinguisher if a pan on your stove catches on fire. Portable fire extinguishers are rated for the size of fire they can put out. Fire Extinguisher Use; Fire Extinguisher Inspection; Fire Extinguisher Maintenance; Additional Training; Conclusion; Introduction. HOW TO IDENTIFY THE PROPER FIRE EXTINGUISHER When it’s time to use a Fire Extinguisher, just remember PULL AIM SQUEEZE SWEEP PASS! How do I operate an extinguisher? The wet chemical extinguisher can discharge for up to forty seconds at a maximum effective range of ten to twenty feet. Whichever type of fire you’re about to use the powder fire extinguisher on, you must first check that the extinguisher is safe to use. When a Class K extinguisher is not available an ABC dry chemical extinguisher can be carefully used to control a fire involving cooking oils or fats if the operator is aware of the potential need to re-apply more chemical if the oils or fats reignite. Each different type of extinguisher agent has a corresponding colour making identification easier for the user. Use a fire extinguisher when all of these questions are answered “yes.” If you’re unsure about whether or not it’s safe to use a fire extinguisher, and for all other situations, alert others, leave the building, and call 911 from a mobile or neighbor’s phone. Before attempting to fight a fire with a fire extinguisher it is important to check that it is fully charged (Fig. Actually it's a tetrahedron, because there are four elements that must be present for a fire to exist. Starting at the recommended distance, Sweep the nozzle or hose from side to side until the fire is out. Bob and Jeremy of the Washington Township Fire Department demonstrate P.A.S.S., which is an acronym to help people remember how to operate a fire extinguisher - Pull/Aim/Squeeze/Sweep. How to use ABC Powder Fire Extinguishers. Most fire extinguishers for homes and public spaces are classified as Class ABC extinguishers, meaning they’re suitable for putting out wood and paper fires, flammable liquid fires, and electrical fires. If the fire extinguisher fails this test, it is unusable and should be replaced immediately. Make sure it is tested for use on grease and cooking oil fires; Stand back about 4 feet from the stove. 2). Typically, fire extinguishers have to be fixed or replaced for a couple of reasons. Fire extinguishers should be pressure tested (a process called hydrostatic testing) after a number of years to ensure that the cylinder is safe to use. 4. I’ve always been told how to use a fire extinguisher, but I never really understood how until now. Pull the pin Aim nozzle at the base of the fire Squeeze the handle Sweep the nozzle from side to side Training at work If you are an employer, you have… Fire Extinguisher Colour Codes (UK) Fire extinguishers meeting BS EN3 are manufactured with a red body and have a band of a second colour covering between 5-10% of the surface relating to the extinguisher's contents. Watch the area in case of re-ignition. . Install fire extinguishers close to an exit and keep your back to a clear exit when you use the device so you can make an easy escape if the fire cannot be controlled. Most {fire} extinguishers for houses and public areas are labeled as Class ABC extinguishers, which means they’re appropriate for placing out wooden and paper fires, flammable liquid fires, and electrical fires.ABC extinguishers use the dry chemical monoammonium phosphate because the extinguishing agent. Most fire extinguishers have a rating of ABC, which are suitable for most fires that occur in the home. But of course, fires DO happen. The most common type of fire extinguisher for home or office use is the multipurpose dry chemical extinguisher, which can be used on class A, B, and C fires (ordinary combustibles, flammable liquid fires, and electronic fires). For example, residue left over from the use of an ABC dry powder extinguisher in the same room with a piano can seriously corrode piano wires. https://abcnews.go.com/WNT/video/fire-extinguisher-dos-donts-16744318 It is not recommended that children use fire extinguishers. lever to discharge the fire extinguishing agent. You can find this rating on the label. Firefighters Al Bennett and Jesse O’Quinn of the Houston Fire Department give instructions on using a fire extinguisher. No one wants to have to use a fire extinguisher, because having to do so means that there’s a danger to people and property. 1) and that the safety pin is not bent (Fig. ABC extinguishers use the dry chemical monoammonium phosphate as … This means that the extinguisher can be used in a Class A, B, or C fires. How to Dispose of a Fire Extinguisher. Fire extinguisher regulations in the UK can feel a little complicated. An extinguisher that is rated for use with multiple hazards should include a symbol for each hazard type. Pull the pin, Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire, Squeeze the handle down, Sweep from side to side at the base of the fire. How to use a AFFF Foam Fire Extinguisher: The below video is a guide on how to use Foam Fire Extinguishers safely. ABC dry powder residue is mildly corrosive to many metals. ; Safety pin – You have to pull the safety pin before you can use the fire extinguisher. Handle/Trigger – The top portion of the handle is the trigger and once pressed, it will emit the agent. How to use a ABC Powder Fire Extinguisher: The below video is a guide on how to use a powder fire extinguisher safely. This is the only appropriate extinguisher to use in kitchen conundrums. We like a 10 pound ABC extinguisher for a workshop. Discharge nozzle/Hose – The type of the nozzle or hose will depend on the size of the fire extinguisher. This is the Fire Triangle. I like how you explained that a Class B fire extinguishers are best for flammable liquids like oil. Do I need a map showing fire extinguisher location? An ABC fire extinguisher is able to be used on fires of types A, B, and C (A: wood/paper, … 2A:10B:C is the label you’ll find on a standard 5-lb ABC fire extinguisher. Above is a diagram of a common combination ABC fire extinguisher. Depending on the type of fire class you need to extinguish, you need to use an appropriate type of extinguisher. 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