Age: This section provides a list of the tables published in the Immigration Statistics release. Different demographic developments are observed in eastern and western Germany. This website uses Google Analytics to collect anonymous information such as the number of visitors to the site, and the most popular pages. In destination countries, international migration may be used as a tool to solve specific labour market shortages. Germany had the highest number of persons acquiring citizenship in 2018, at 116.8 thousand (or 17 % of the EU-27 total). 24 Sep 2018 - 06:46 UTC. Objectives included enabling refugees to reach Europe through legal and safe pathways, ensuring that relocation responsibility is shared fairly between Member States, integrating migrants at local and regional levels. By contrast, in Luxembourg, national immigration represented no more than 5 % of their total immigration in 2018. Note: The value for different categories of country of birth may not sum to the totals due to rounding. Africapolis. Data on acquisitions of citizenship are collected by Eurostat under the provisions of Article 3.1. In Luxembourg and Hungary the majority of new citizenships granted were to citizens of another EU-27 Member State. Regarding the gender distribution of immigrants to the EU-27 Member States in 2018, there were slightly more men than women (54 % compared with 46 %). By clicking Accept you are consenting to the use of them. The number of Venezuelans rose by nearly 40 times in 2019 compared to 2018. Emigration is particularly difficult to measure. Some of the most important legal texts adopted in the area of immigration include: Legislative documents - European Agenda on Migration, Press material - European Agenda on Migration. Department for Work and Pensions, National Insurance number allocations to adult overseas nationals: January 2002 to September 2019. Definition: This entry includes the figure for the difference between the number of persons entering and leaving a country during the year per 1,000 persons (based on midyear population). Germany also reported the highest number of emigrants in 2018 (540.4 thousand), followed by Spain (309.5 thousand), France (341.4 thousand), Romania (231.7 thousand) and Poland (189.8 thousand). Highest share of foreign population in Luxembourg, lowest in Romania. This websites uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. An analysis of the age structure of the population shows that, for the EU-27 as a whole, the foreign population was younger than the national population. Click here to browse the ONS statistics for yourself. Europe has been a crossroads of human mobility since ancient times. Therefore, an asylum seeker can apply for first time in a given country and afterwards again as first-time applicant in any other country. Romanians and Poles account for over 30% of foreigners in the EU and EFTA, although the state of immigration differs wildly from country to country. This statistic shows development of the foreign-born population in the European Union as of 2018. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again. EU-27 Member States granted citizenship to 672 thousand persons in 2018. Highest share of national immigrants for Romania, lowest for Luxembourg. On 1 January 2019, Belgium, Ireland, Luxembourg, Austria and Slovakia were the EU-27 Member States where non-nationals were mainly citizens of another EU-27 Member State. In these countries as well as in the United Kingdom data concern the respondent's age completed or on their last birthday. Given modern technology and the fact that it is now easier to travel, freedom of movement allows Europeans to expand their horizons beyond national borders, to leave their country for shorter or longer periods, to come and go between EU countries to work, study and train, to travel for business or for leisure, or to shop across borders. However, migration alone will almost certainly not reverse the ongoing trend of population ageing experienced in many parts of the EU. Definition of Foreign-born participation rates. Definitions All; OECD (37) European Union (27) Euro Area (19) G7; G20; None; Time. Source: Eurostat, First permits by reason, length of validity and citizenship [migr_resfirst], This website uses cookies for its functionality and to analyse how users are engaging with the site. This cookie is installed by Google Universal Analytics to throttle the request rate to limit the collection of data on high traffic sites. The relative share of foreign-borns within the total population was highest in Luxembourg (47 % of the resident population), followed by Cyprus (21 %) and Malta (20 %). Germany, Romania and Poland: estimate; Poland, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the United Kingdom: provisional. Although high percentages are shown in red in the map, high numbers are not necessarily bad per se (if emigration is counteracted by high birth rate or immigration, as in the case of Ireland and Portugal). Significant resources have been mobilised to fight people smuggling and trafficking networks in the EU. Immigration of this kind embodies not only lawbreaking but also unfairness, penalizing those from other countries who wish to live in the United States but abide by the established rules for doing so. These were the only EU-27 Member States where national immigration accounted for more than half of the total number of immigrants — see Figure 3. Acquisition of citizenship data are rounded to the nearest multiple of 5 for Germany on provisional basis for 2018. Naturalisation rate: The term ‘naturalisation rate’ should be used with caution because the numerator includes all modes of acquisitions and not just naturalisations of eligible residing foreigners and the denominator includes all foreigners, rather than foreigners who are eligible for naturalisation. The Member State reporting the highest share of male immigrants was Croatia (75 %); by contrast, the highest share of female immigrants was reported in Portugal (53 %). Immigrants into EU-27 Member States in 2018 were, on average, much younger than the total population already resident in their country of destination. Public opinion – Eurobarometer. European Union immigration statistics for 2010 was 43,696,432.00, a 18.8% increase from 2005. 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