[5], On 10 June 1940, Italy declared war on France and Britain, joining its ally Germany in World War II. She was still stranded there on 15 September, but hte hull was repared and water pumped out enough for tugs to tow her back to Naples. The rate of fire was rated as three rounds per minute, due to the obligation of returning to a 15 degrees elevation to reload. These figures bring some controversy, not at the time, but later, as the Washington treaty in some way obliged such compromises. This was destroyer speed, and it was believed in 1924, primitive ballistic computers would be unable to readjust calculations for such as fast target. She deplored two KIA and had a jammed rudder to port. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy). She sortied to try to catch a British convoy (Operation Hats) but was recalled off without spotting any ship. Greene, Jack & Massignani, Alessandro (1998). During the night of 11–12 November, Fleet aor arm planes attacked the base, causing mayhem. She took part at numerous naval actions as Punta Stilo, Capo Teulada, Gaudo and Matapan. The most characteristic difference with older cruisers, and the light cruisers of the Giussano class, was their flush deck. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. In 1942, Trento was given four extra single 20 mm (0.79 in) 65-cal. Group of two heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina in the late 1920s, the first such vessels built for the Italian fleet. A modified version of the earlier Trento class, she had a heavier displacement, slightly shorter length, a newer model of 203-millimeter (8.0 in) gun, and a more powerful … Trento (April 1942) [9] Shortly after 12:00, Italian reconnaissance reports informed the Italian fleet commander, Vice Admiral Inigo Campioni of the strength of the British fleet, and so he ordered his ships to disengage. US military asserts Indo-Pacific presence with simultaneous high-end operations, Una billetera perdida en la Antártida regresa a su dueño 53 años después (con recuerdos incluidos), NATO Anti-Sub Exercise Dynamic Manta 2021 Will Include French Carrier Strike Group, U.S. The forward magazines exploded, sinking Trento in a matter of minutes. This happened after Trento and her sister ships escorted a convoy to North Africa on 12–13 March 1941. [1], Trento was armed with a main battery of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) Mod 24 50-caliber guns in four gun turrets. The Trento is tied with the IJN Kako, Tone, and Mogami as the fastest heavy cruisers in-game at a speed of 65 km/h at full speed. In October, she became the flagship of the 1st Squadron and was overhauled in May or June 1931 in La Spezia for the same reasons as her sister ship. In 1920, Italy had few modern cruisers. Tight manufacturing tolerances was not possible and therefore this has an impact on accuracy. After repairs, Trieste was back in the 3rd division, with Bolzano and Gorizia, which was added to eight destroyers and departed in August 1942 to intercept a British convoy but the operation was cancelled after Bolzano was torpedoed, as one destroyer. The Trento is tied with the IJN Kako, Tone, and Mogami as the fastest heavy cruisers in-game at a speed of 65 km/h at full speed. Technical specifications (Trento)Displacement 10,340 t. standard -13,330 t. Full LoadDimensions 197 m long, 20.60 m wide, 6.80 m draftPropulsion 4-screw machines, 4 Parsons turbines, 12 Yarrow boilers, 150,000 hp. Another naval review was held in the Gulf of Naples on 27 November 1936, to honor the Regent of Hungary, Miklós Horthy, who was visiting Italy at the time. Trento frequently served as the flagship of the Cruiser Division throughout the 1930s. From July, Trento headed for South America and visited Cape Verde, Rio de Janeiro, Santos, Montevideo, Buenos Aires, Bahía Blanca, Las Palmas, and back to the Mediterranean, Tangiers, and home on 10 October. We offer our Trento Class Cruiser Models in … Breda M1940 guns in single mounts. The 100 mm guns replaced by Mod 31 versions in 1932 and in 1937–1938, second aft 100 mm pair was deposed as four 12.7 mm machine guns. The definitive powerplant comprised four Parsons steam turbines. It was realized the leaking oil napped and wrapped the engines, which were miraculously preserved from salt water. Despite having the same tripod masts as the Trentos, the fore mast was englobed in the superstructure but its role was unchanged, carrying the armoured Barr & Stoud fire directors. Trento was very lightly armored, with only a 70 mm (2.8 in) thick armored belt, though she possessed a high speed and heavy armament of eight 203 mm (8.0 in) guns. [5], The ship participated in another fleet review on 5 May 1938, this one held in honor of German dictator Adolf Hitler's state visit to Italy. At cruising speeds, the operational range of the class reached 4,160 nautical miles. The other reason was the design itself, with compromises made over the position of the two single cradle mounts. However during her way back of her last convoy she was ambushed and torpedoed near the Strait of Messina, by HMS Triumph. Trento Class Cruiser Details and Specifications. The same scheme as the Trentos was reproduced: The armored belt was 70 mm (2.8 in) thick and the citadel closed by with armored bulkheads, 60 mm (2.4 in) forward, and 50 mm (2.0 in) aft. As a result, it was decided to base a new design on the Trento, but with speed sacrificed to … Stern, Robert C. (2015). The Trento appeared in the 1924 program as ships for which speed was paramount. Among the dead was her commander, Captain Stanislao Esposito. She became in June 1935 the divisional flagship as Trento was sent in drydock maintenance. While the Trento-class cruisers were being laid down, more and more voices within the ranks of the Regia Marina raised concerns regarding the Trento class’ overly lightweight protection, questioning their effectiveness in combat. Select Language Site search Donate Site search Donate Treaty Cruisers: The First International Warship Building Competition. 11/40 Cape Teulada - engagement with British cruisers 3/41 Cape Matapan 41 - cover for convoys to North Africa 42 - Sirte 1 and 2, damaged by heavy seas 15/6/42 - attack on Malta convoy, torpedoed by a Beaufort, which immobilised her, found 4 hours later by submarine Umbra, torpedoed again and sank quickly. The idea was to allow at a division to be least two-cruisers strength when the third was in drydock. Trento was the first of two Trento-class cruisers; they were the first heavy cruisers built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy). Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für Trento class [cruiser] im Online-Wörterbuch dict.cc (Deutschwörterbuch). The two ships in the class—Trento and Trieste, were named after the redeemed cities of Trento and Trieste taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I. Trento class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 6x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Bolzano class Heavy Cruisers - 4x2 8" guns, 8x2 3.9" guns, 4x2 21" torpedo tubes Cadorna class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes Montecuccoli class Light Cruisers - 4x2 6" guns, 3x2 3.9" guns, 2x2 21" torpedo tubes Tactically they had to escape battleships while posing a threat to all other types of vessels, preferably light cruisers as their protection was already barely sufficient against 6-in shells. [13] Her rapid sinking doomed many of her crew, with some 549 men out of a wartime complement of 51 officers and 1,100 enlisted going down with the ship. Trento class Heavy Cruiser Trento and Trieste were the first of the Italian World War 2 heavy cruisers to be built, commissioned in 1927 and 1926 respectively. The Regia Marina began design studies for heavy cruisers, and specifically the future Trento class in 1923. While the “Trento” class (Trento and Trieste) was still under construction, within the high command Regia Marina dissent began to mount over the choices made during the design phase. In the Second Battle of Sirte, the four ships attacked Convoy MW10, but the British escorts—four light cruisers and eighteen destroyers—prevented the Italians from attacking the merchant ships. Bolzano was a unique heavy cruiser, sometimes considered to be a member of the Trento class, built for the Italian Regia Marina (Royal Navy) in the early 1930s, the last vessel of the type to be built by Italy. Bolzano was armed with the same type of main battery, 2×2 superfiring turrets fore and aft, but with longer 203 mm (8.0 in) Modello 1929, 53-caliber. The Regia Marina Trento Class cruiser comprised of the Trento, Trieste and arguably the Bolzano. On 26 November the division attempted to intercept another convoy, and soon after the Battle of Cape Spartivento broke off, relatively indecisive. She toure eastern Mediterranean again until March 1935, stopping notably at Rhodes and Leros. Another cruise in the eastern Mediterranean followed on 9 July, during which Trento stopped in Tripoli, Tobruk, Rhodes, and Leros, before returning to Taranto on the 29th of the month. Bei der Trento-Klasse handelte es sich um 10.000-Tonnen-Schiffe, die entsprechend den Bestimmungen des Washingtoner Flottenabkommens gebaut worden waren. The powerplant was rated at 150,000 shaft horsepower total (110,000 kW). guns in twin mounts, four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts and four 12.7 mm (0.50 in) machine guns. This in turn forced the British cruisers to break off the action, allowing both sides to disengage. At 07:55, the 3rd Division spotted them and scrambled combat preparation. "Pola" was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. Your email address will not be published. [5], Early on the morning of 12 October, Italian destroyers and torpedo boats engaged a pair of British cruisers in the Battle of Cape Passero; one of the destroyers, Artigliere, was badly damaged in the action. Denis Trento (born 1982), Italian ski mountaineer; University of Trento, Italy; Trento DOC, an appellation for white and rosé sparkling wine made in Trentino, Italy Probably the greatest involvement of the the 3rd Division so far. Features: (Bolzano, 1940) Displacement and dimensions: Tonnage 10,886 – 13,865 PC, 197 x 20.60 x 6.80m.Propulsion and performance: 2 Parsons turbines with reducers and 10 Yarrow boilers, 2 propellers, 150,000 hp and 36 knotsProtection: 50 mm bridges, 70 mm belt, 100 mm turrets, 100 mm blockhausCrew: 780Armament: 8×203 mm (4×2), 16x100mm (8×2), 4x40mm, 8x13mm AA, 2×4 TT 533mm. Storage capacity was 2,214 metric tons of fuel oil. The completed hull was scheduled to be launched on 4 September 1927, but sabotage from anti-fascist workers in the shipyard, who had mixed sand into the grease on the slipway, preventing the ship from sliding down into the water. Repairs resumed with little progress due to multiple shortages until early 1943, and on 5 June, USAF raids started. In March 1937, she escorted Mussolini in Libya, and in June took part in another major naval review for German Field Marshal Werner von Blomberg. Trento is an Italian city.. Trento may also refer to: . In replacement, eight 37 mm (1.5 in) 54-cal. Oct 22, 2017 - RMN Bolzano was a last Trento-class heavy cruiser built for the Italian Regia Marina Navy in the early 1930's. [1] On trials, she reached only 35.6 knots (65.9 km/h; 41.0 mph), and in service, her practical top speed was only 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph). After repeated attempts to complete the launching, the shipyard had to resort to dragging Trento from the slipway on 4 October 1927 using the passenger ship SS Principe di Udine. The ship was laid down in February 1925, launched in October 1927, and was commissioned in April 1929. Lessons were learned since the first Trentos and even the Zara class (but Gorizia). Author’s illustration of the Trento class. Was laid down at the Stabilimento Tecnico Triestino on 22 June 1925, launched on 24 October 1926, a year before Trento but fitted-out and commissioned on 21 December 1928. On trials the tripod would prove to vibrate excessively, which doomed all precision fire control and targeting devices. Breda M1932 guns and eight 13.2 mm (0.52 in) Breda M1931 machine guns, all in twin mounts, were installed in their place. Her standard displacement was 10,890 long tons (11,060 t), 13,665 long tons (13,884 t) fully loaded. She escorted the Duisberg convoy on 8–9 November (with Trieste), being attacked by by British warships on their way, and failed to protect the convoy. -class cruiser. guns, all in twin mounts, and four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns in single mounts. This was due to reduced smoke interference with masts directors and observation bridges. On 21 October, Trento was moved to Taranto, and she was present in the harbor on the night of 11–12 November, when the British raided the port. Crippled, she was taken in two by two tugs and dragged to Messina. However in service conditions and fully loaded, normal use of the powerplant, 120,000 shp (89,000 kW) was the projected figure, which gave a more reasonable 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph) at the optimal displacement. By June 1940, Trento was in Messina as flagship of the 3rd Division. The force was tasked with protecting Italian nationals in the country during the Chinese Civil War. Later she escorted the Duisberg convoy (8–9 November), which was lost due to heavy attacks. After the forces disengaged, air reinforcements arrived, but pilots mistook the Italian ships for British ones and attacked, before realizing their mistake. Disaster struck the first division later. Breda M1940 and her sister ships eight in 1943. [12], The 3rd Division escorted another convoy to North Africa on 12–13 March 1941. The Trentos were the first ships designed specifically to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano.. By about 11:00, Vittorio Veneto had closed the distance enough to open fire, prompting Sansonetti to turn his three cruisers back to join the fight. In 1937–1938, the two aft-most 100 mm guns were removed, along with all four 12.7 mm machine guns; eight 37 mm (1.5 in) 54-cal. The Trentos were the first ships designed specifically to the limitations of the Washington Naval Treaty. Two ships of the class were built with the names Trento and Trieste. In early 1940 a refit saw the fitting of funnel caps. Cruiser Trento-class, Trento type. The ship visited Durazzo on 23–26 June 1934, and on 1 July, became the flagship of the 3rd Division. In April 1941, Trieste and Bolzano escorted a convoy to to Tripoli, but never arrived there. They were trunked the same way, and spread between two unequal, raked, widely spaced funnels (for wich caps were added in 1940). They were built before World War II to gain predominance in the Mediterranean Sea. From 26 April to 1 May, Trento visited Nagasaki, Japan. Furthermore, the armor scheme and poor vision control require good positioning and game knowledge. They fired two types of shells: The 125-kilogram (276 lb) model (muzzle velocity 905 mps (2,970 ft/s)), with separated propellant charge. The same detroyers attempted to tow her back, but she was a sitting duck, and an esy prey for submarines. The Regia Marina Trento Class cruiser comprised of the Trento, Trieste and arguably the Bolzano. Double redirects Broken redirects Wanted categories Wanted pages Wanted templates Uncategorized Categories Short pages Unused … [13][14] At 06:55 on the 28th, an IMAM Ro.43 floatplane launched by Vittorio Veneto located a British cruiser squadron, and by 07:55, Trento and the 3rd Division had come within visual range. [5], On 6–7 July 1933, Trento took part in a major fleet review held in the Gulf of Naples for Italian dictator Benito Mussolini. The two cruisers returned to La Spezia on 4 June. Trento became the flagship of the 2nd Division, 1st Squadron on 2 December. There, she joined the old protected cruiser Libia and gunboats Caboto and Carlotto to protect Italian nationals during the Chinese Civil War. However with quick progresses in late mechanical and early electronics in WW2, this would prove it irrelevant. However on 22 March 1942, she teamed with the battleship Littorio, and the only Zara-class left, the Gorizia, plus the light cruiser Giovanni delle Bande Nere and destroyers. It was essentially the same as for the Trentos, with a four cells compartmentation, four Parsons geared steam turbines, four screw propellers, but ten brand new oil-fired water-tube boilers. She served as a prototype for Trento-class cruisers. Trieste again replaced Trento as the flagship on 27 January 1937. Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano escaped without damage and they reached Taranto, escorting the damaged Vittorio Veneto, but meanwhile the immobilized Pola soon reinforced by the two other Zara-class cruisers were destroyed during the night by British battleships, which made the battle a clear victory for the British. Repairs stalled at la Spezia and she was destroyed by Chariots in June 1944. Armament Regia Marina [5], On 15 September 1930, Trento embarked on a cruise to the eastern Mediterranean that concluded in La Spezia on 21 November. Search This wiki This wiki All wikis | Sign In Don't have an account? Trento class 1927 heavy cruiser class of the Italian Navy. A third could be mounted on the catapult. Later refits will saw the AA artillery revised several times. This was also a trend of the time, the speed fad was to endure until 1933. Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano were also attacked by aircraft, but they escaped without damage. On 27 March, she participated in the Battle of Cape Matapan, opening fire from afar and spending 132 AP shells, mostly with little results. Lightly armoured, but very fast, the cruisers would serve as the foundation for all of the following cruisers … While steaming in the Ionian Sea, she was attacked by a Beaufighter around 05:00 and took a torpedo hit. After another naval review in May 1939 she headed for Livorno’s Navy in June. Another later model was reduced to 118 kg (260 lb) but at a lower, 840 m/s (2,800 ft/s) muzzle velocity (reduced charge). by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. by Robert Hansen August 20, 2019. It was an imbalaced design sacrificing armor for speed. Detail of the bridge, 1935 – src: history-navy.mil. On 21 October, Trento moved to her new operating base at Taranto, closer to action. From October to December, the ship underwent a major refit, which included modifications to her armament and the installation of funnel caps. The peacetime crew comprised 723 men, increased to 781 in wartime. The great lenght of the hull also allowed this “spread” of four turret holes without compromising too much the deck structure. Displacement: 10,511 tons / 10,679 tonnes (standard); 13,548 tons / 13,764 tonnes (full load). Iachino decided to break off 20 minutes later. Add new page . She was lightly damaged at Calabria, but spared on other occasions, escorting convoys and patrolling in the central Mediterranean, torpedoed twice by British submarines. Any service era or vessel configuration - We can build a model of them all - your pick. Completed to a slightly different design. The first heavy cruisers built by the Italian Navy, the Trento class were powerful ships with a high speed in excess of 31 knots. Fire control was provided by secondary telemeters This was completed by four Vickers-Terni 40 mm/39 guns, all in single mounts, and at last the very close bubble was secured by four 12.7 mm (0.50 in) Breda heavy machine guns. Therefore, the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano escaped any damage. You will find more than 33,500 used boats for sale here: use the search filter to find used motor boats, sailing boats, catamarans, rafts and used yachts. Overall the ship feels sluggish considering its lacklustre armour, and armament, but it is the most manoeuvrable in its class as a heavy cruiser. Trento is the lead ship of the first Italian class of so-called ‘Treaty Cruisers’, constructed for the Regia Marina in the mid 1920’s. In August she teamed with Trieste, and Gorizia (3rd Division) and sortied to intercept a British convoy, but withdrew because of Luftwaffe’s lack of support. According to some sources, Trento scored a hit on the destroyer HMS Kingston in this action, inflicting heavy damage. Their return trip saw them encountering a protected British convoy, which resulted in the Battle of Calabria. Bolzano participated in four battles, but was torpedoes two times, the second one almost fatally. Feb 11, 2021 - Other country WWII naval ships!. But the success was cut short by the closing of the battlecruiser HMS Renown. As designed, and even in initial plans, the yard claimed it was possible for the ships to reach 40 knots, something unheard of in 1924. She was the fourth of four ships in this class (Zara, Fiume, and Gorizia were the other three), and she was built in the Odero Terni Orlando shipyard in Livorno in 1930, entering service in 1932. A raid of B-24 Liberator heavy bombers attacked the docks. Trieste. She was in refit when the war started. Camouflage Liveries of the Trento, Trieste and Bolzano from model kits, pinterest (montage). The torpedo caused a serious fire in the forward boiler rooms, which forced the ship to stop. Similar record to Trento The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. The three ships of the class were named after the three unredeemed cities taken from the Austro-Hungarian empire after the victory in World War I, Trento, Trieste, and Bolzano. The main armored deck was 50 mm thick in the central citadel (starting from the forward and aft barbettes), down to 20 mm (0.79 in) on the hull’s ends. For close quarters, the transalpine cruisers carried four twin 533 mm (21.0 in) torpedo tubes launchers inside the hull, fixed and above water. Trento was at La Spezia in May for an overhaul until 5 August, and returned to Messina for escort missioned. She embarked 10,000 men, of the Italian volunteers, the Corpo Truppe Volontarie supporting General Francisco Franco. Because of the weather and Royal Navy threat they took shelter in Messina; They paired for another convoy in June, with destroyers Corazziere, Ascari, and Lanciere. The ship had a cruising range of 4,160 nautical miles (7,700 km; 4,790 mi) at a speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)[2], She was protected with an armored belt that was 70 mm (2.8 in) thick amidships with armored bulkheads 40 to 60 mm (1.6 to 2.4 in) thick on either end. Armament Regia Marina Human Torpedo: Siluro a Lenta Corsa . Her hull was slightly shorter at 187.6 meters (615 ft) between perpendiculars, 196.9 m (646 ft) overall but with the same beam of 20.6 m (68 ft) and 6.8 m (22 ft) draft. La Marina Italiana Nella Seconda Guerra Mondiale. Fully loaded it reached 13,334 long tons (13,548 t). Thus, this mirrored the “tin-clad” tendency already shown by the light cruisers of the Regia Marina. The Pola was a Zara-class heavy cruiser of the Italian Regia Marina operating during the Second World War. For close quarters, she also had two twin 533 mm (21.0 in) fixed above-water launchers per side. Sardinia by then was under command of General Frido von Senger und Etterlin. 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