He prays to Zeus for his son’s glorious future as a chief and warrior. Andromache’s mother, Eëtion’s wife, is not named. All her relations perished when Troy was taken by Achilles. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. He was the king of Cilician Thebe. 's' : ''}}. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. It is usually attributed to the poet Homer, about whom not much is known. Hector speeds to his own house, but his wife Andromache is not there. He is with Helen in their bedroom polishing his armour. Homer portrays this event in the Iliad when Andromache is torn away from her family. However, Homer tells his readers their fates: Astyanax will be murdered, thrown from the walls when the city falls to the Greeks. Andromache, the wife of hector, showcases the effect of war on those left at home who must live through the aftermath. just create an account. Andromache is a mythological figure in Greek literature, including the Iliad and plays by Euripides, including one play named for her. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.co.uk. Throughout her appearances in The Iliad, Andromache is portrayed as a wife and mother. 482) Despite being the mightiest warrior in the Trojan army, Hector is an imprudent leader, acting arbitrarily and failing to take other’s advices. The end of Book VI is the famous scene between Hector and Andromache and their infant son, Astyanax. When Agamemnon is forced to return her by Achilles, Agamemnon instead takes Briseis from Achilles, resulting in Achilles absenting himself from battle in protest. In Greek mythology, Andromache was the wife of Hector, daughter of Eetion, and sister to Podes. Create an account to start this course today. Here, we learn how she lost her family to Achilles and how she is terrified to lose Hector as well. War Stories. (Achilles would also later kill Andromache’s husband, Hector.) Finally, Hera and Athena appeal to Zeus, who gives them permission to intervene on the Achaeans behalf. This would seem to be a contradiction unless Andromache had more than seven brothers. When the captives were allotted, Andromache fell to Neoptolemus, the son of Achilles, whom she accompanied to Epirus and to whom she bore three sons. She is a former faculty member of the Humanist Institute. Non-Canonical Retelling of the Tale of Troy, Profile of the Greek Hero Achilles of the Trojan War, Overview of the Children of Helen of Troy, Biography of Helen of Troy, Cause of the Trojan War, M.Div., Meadville/Lombard Theological School, Neoptolemus, son of Achilles, king of Epirus, Helenus, a brother of Hector, king of Epirus. Andromache and Hector's love is crucial to the tragedy of The Iliad. Log in here for access. 6. Andromache in The Iliad Andromache's role in The Iliad is merely as the wife of Troy's greatest hero, Hector. The Iliad throws us right into the thick of battle. Classical period artworks depict the scene where Andromache and Hector part, she trying to persuade him to stay, holding their infant son, and he comforting her but turning to his duty—and death. Andromache was the daughter of Eëtion, according to the Iliad. They sacrifice for elements larger than themselves. A servant tells him that she has gone to Troy’s tower to watch the fighting. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. Andromache and her first son escaped being killed by Neoptolemus’ wife, Hermione. After the death of Helenus, Andromache and her son Pergamus left Epirus and went back to Asia Minor. Hector and Ares prove too much for the Achaeans; the sight of a hero and god battling side by side frightens even Diomedes. A son of Andromache and Neoptolemus was Molossus, an ancestor of Olympias, mother of Alexander the Great. Did the Greek Warrior Achilles Have Children? Then, he and the other fighters mutilate and mock Hector's corpse. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Hector named him Scamandrius after the River Scamander, near Troy Iliad, Homer relates that Astyanax disrupted the last meeting of his parents … The gods having left the field, the Grecians prevail. In Homer’s Iliad he is represented as an ideal warrior and the mainstay of Troy.… ‎A divinely beautiful woman who becomes the cause of a terrible war in which the gods themselves take sides. Her father and brothers were all killed by the Greek hero Achilles, and her mother died as well, leaving Andromache alone. Hector, the oldest son of the Trojan King Priam, weds Andromache and brings her back to Troy. She is standing atop the walls of the city, watching what is happening below. After a brief battle, Achilles kills Hector. Homer is best known as the author of the Iliad and the Odyssey. The battle of Troy and Achilles ’ rage in this epic not only result in Andromache’s husband Hector to die in misery, but leave her and her kindred continue the journey of life single-handed. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Other mentions of Andromache are in Virgil, Ovid, Seneca, and Sappho. There, Pergamus founded a town named after him, and Andromache died of old age. Her father was a priest of Apollo, Chryses. In Book 17 of the "Iliad", Homer mentions Podes, a brother of Andromache. In the 17th century, Jean Racine, French playwright, wrote "Andromaque". They went to Epirus where Neoptolemus became king and fathered three sons by Andromache. This lesson will focus on Andromache, the wife of Prince Hector, and her place in The Iliad. Hector laughs, takes the helmet off, and kisses the baby. The name means "man battler" or "fighter of men" or "man fighter" or "man's battle", from the Greek stem ἀνδρ- "man" and μάχη "battle". Andromache begs Hector to stay with her and pleads in book 6 line 511 to think about how her son will be an orphan and she will be a widow if he dies. Podes fought with the Trojans. Andromache then nurses the baby. Artwork page for ‘Hector Taking Leave of Andromache’, manner of Angelica Kauffman The Swiss born Angelica Kauffman was a child prodigy. In Homer’s The Iliad, there are many victims of war such as Sarpedon, Patroclus, and Hector, all of whom die. “Astyanax, in Greek legend, prince who was the son of the Trojan prince Hector and his wife Andromache. Here is one of the most poignant and tragic scenes (at least in its outcome, foretold but unstated here) in all of epic poetry. There, she sees Achilles dragging Hector's corpse behind his chariot. Check out The Iliad: Hector and Andromache (Book VI) by John F.C. Andromache in The Iliad. So she spoke lamenting. She was weaving at her loom, in … In Book 6, Andromache is shown in a rather untraditional place for a woman. 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