[2] An estimate in 2006 from a "blue ribbon panel" said cleanup costs would be $15 billion. Soil erosion and runoff of sediment into the Bay, exacerbated by devegetation, construction and the prevalence of pavement in urban and suburban areas, also blocks vital sunlight. The tea was hidden by the British to avoid conflict with the colonists as the recently imposed tea tax had created hostility and uncertainty among the colonies. 5 .06 Dividing Lines of the Chesapeake Bay, Sounds and Straits. Along with environmental factors, the bay has been negatively impacted by humans since being settled in the 17th century, bringing with them problems like pollution, construction, and destruction of the environment. [63], While the Bay's salinity is ideal for oysters and the oyster fishery was at one time the Bay's most commercially viable,[64] the population has in the last fifty years been devastated. The Chesapeake Bay is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna, meaning that it was where the river flowed when the sea level was lower. Subtidal Sea Level Variations in the Chesapeake Bay and Relations to Atmospheric Forcing. The word Chesepiooc is an Algonquian word referring to a village 'at a big river'. Definition of Chesapeake Bay retriever : any of a breed of powerful brown sporting dogs developed in Maryland and having a dense oily water-shedding coat First Known Use of Chesapeake Bay retriever 1891, in the meaning defined above Key among these is sea level rise: water levels in the bay have already risen one foot, with a predicted increase of 1.3 to 5.2 feet in the next 100 years. In 2006, "roughly eight million wildlife watchers spent $636 million, $960 million, and $1.4 billion in Maryland, Virginia, and Pennsylvania." With a size of over 64,000 square miles, it stretches across six different states on the eastern side of our country. It is rare for the surface of the Bay to freeze in winter, something that happened most recently in the winter of 1976–77.[16]. REVISED FINAL DRAFT 8/11/2014 SUBJECT TO CHANGE: FOR CBP MB REVIEW Strengthening Verification of Best Management Practices Implemented in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Basinwide Framework … The plentiful oyster harvests led to the development of the skipjack, the state boat of Maryland, which is the only remaining working boat type in the United States still under sail power. Lax government regulations allow anyone with a license to remove oysters from state-owned beds, and although limits are set, they are not strongly enforced. [29][30][31] The same manatee has been spotted as far north as Rhode Island, and was the first manatee known to travel so far north. How do you use Chesapeake Bay in a sentence? Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Chesapeake Bay. [78], Water makes up 25% of the State of Maryland and there are over 550 submerged archaeological sites that have been located across the Chesapeake Bay and its surrounding watersheds. It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay. The Chesapeake Bay derives its name from the Algonquian word, Chesapiooc (Chesepiuk, Chesepiook, or Chesapoic), though its exact definition is unknown. B. The Chesapeake Bay (/ ˈ tʃ ɛ s ə p iː k / CHESS-ə-peek) is the largest estuary in the United States. It is the seventh-oldest surviving English place-name in the United States, first applied as Chesepiook by explorers heading north from the Roanoke Colony into a Chesapeake tributary in 1585 or 1586. Dense stands of Brazilian waterweed can restrict water movement, trap sediment and affect water quality. Journal of Physical Oceanography. In 1524, Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano, (1485–1528), in service of the French crown, (famous for sailing through and thereafter naming the entrance to New York Bay as the "Verrazzano Narrows", including now in the 20th century, a suspension bridge also named for him) sailed past the Chesapeake, but did not enter the Bay. The manatee, recognizable due to distinct markings on its body, was nicknamed "Chessie" after a legendary sea monster that was allegedly sighted in the Bay during the 20th century. Explore {{searchView.params.phrase}} by color family {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}} (ˈtʃɛsəˌpiːk ) noun. The crime rates are lower than in the surrounding cities, and the people tend to be happier. ", An estuary in the U.S. states of Maryland and Virginia. The Chesapeake Bay (/ˈtʃɛsəpiːk/ CHESS-ə-peek) is an estuary in District of Columbia and the U.S. states of Maryland, Delaware, and Virginia, lying inland from the Atlantic Ocean and surrounded to the west by the North American mainland and to the east by the Delmarva Peninsula. The Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel, connecting Virginia's Eastern Shore with its mainland (at the metropolitan areas of Virginia Beach, Norfolk, Portsmouth, and Chesapeake), is approximately 20 miles (32 km) long; it has trestle bridges as well as two stretches of two-mile-long (3.2 km) tunnels that allow unimpeded shipping; the bridge is supported by four 5.25-acre (21,200 m2) man-made islands. [65] The harvest's gross value decreased 88% from 1982 to 2007. One of the British ships, called Betsy, has been explored more than any other and over 5,000 relics were removed from Betsy on their original expedition in 1982, including weapons, personal objects, and some valuable metals. Despite the State of Maryland spending over $100 million to restore the Bay, conditions have continued to grow worse. Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021, Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition B. [25] There have been unconfirmed sightings of humpback whales in recent years. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time. Wang, D.-P. 1979. Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. It does not, Rudes said. Hypoxia results in part from large algal blooms, which are nourished by the runoff of residential, farm and industrial waste throughout the watershed. [86] Chesapeake Bay Magazine and PropTalk focus on powerboating, while SpinSheet focuses on sailing. [54] Commentator Terry Smith spoke about the Bay's beauty: The water is glassy, smooth and gorgeous, his wake white against the deep blue. Vol. Chesapeake Bay - a large inlet of the North Atlantic between Virginia and Maryland; fed by Susquehanna River The Boston Globe wrote that Wisner "always tried to capture the voice of the water and the sky, of the rocks and the trees, of the fish and the birds, of the gods of nature he believed still watched over it all. Definition of Chesapeake Bay in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. [59] The algae prevents sunlight from reaching the bottom of the Bay while alive and deoxygenates the Bay's water when it dies and rots. See more. That's the problem with the Chesapeake. Bay Definition, Map No. [9] This has related environmental effects, causing changes in marine ecosystems, destruction of coastal marshes and wetlands, and intrusion of saltwater into otherwise brackish parts of the bay. All rights reserved. Dabei muss er nicht einfach nur durchs Wasser schwimmen und den Vogel oder andere Jagdbeute apportieren.. Chesapeake Bay Retriever Chesapeake Bay Retriever Gut zu wissen: Der Legende nach kamen 1807 zwei Welpen bei einem Schiffbruch an die Chesapeake Bay in Maryland, … [60], One particularly harmful source of toxicity is Pfiesteria piscicida, which can affect both fish and humans. [77], Underwater archaeology is a subfield of archaeology that focuses on the exploration of submerged archaeological sites in seas, rivers, and other bodies of water. After months of harassment by Barney, the British landed on the west side of the Patuxent at Benedict, Maryland, the Chesapeake Flotilla was scuttled, and the British trekked overland to rout the U.S. Army at Bladensburg and burn the U.S. Capitol in August 1814. It posed little immediate threat to Clinton's strongly defended base at New York. [19] The piping plover is a near threatened species that inhabits the wetlands.[19]. At the Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel (CBBT) site, which lies at the southernmost point of the Bay where it meets the Atlantic Ocean near Norfolk, Virginia, and the capes of Charles and Henry, there is a distinct semi-diurnal tide throughout the lunar month, with small amplitude modulations during spring (new/full moon) vs. neap (one/three quarter moon) tidal periods. [4] The Bay is spanned twice, in Maryland by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge from Sandy Point (near Annapolis) to Kent Island and in Virginia by the Chesapeake Bay Bridge–Tunnel connecting Virginia Beach to Cape Charles. Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration, Beautiful Swimmers: Watermen, Crabs and the Chesapeake Bay, Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation, "More Blue Crabs, but Chesapeake Bay Is Still at Risk, Report Says", "Fact Sheet 102-98 – The Chesapeake Bay: Geologic Product of Rising Sea Level", "Chesapeake Bay, VA/MD (M130) Bathymetric Digital ElevationModel (30 meter resolution) Derived From Source Hydrographic Survey Soundings Collected by NOAA", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Way of Life Slipping Away Along Chesapeake's Edge", "Signs of a Chesapeake Bay oyster comeback", "Report: Chesapeake Bay at healthiest level in years", "Climate Change | Chesapeake Bay Program", "A Dead Indian Language Is Brought Back to Life", University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, "Chesapeake Bay Program: A Watershed Partnership: Facts & Figures", "Figure 1. an inlet of the Atlantic, in Maryland and Virginia. While Diego Gutiérrez first depicted the Chesapeake Bay, named Bahia de Santa Maria, on his map in 1562, a variation of its current name, Chesapiooc Sinus, was printed for the first time on a 1590 map by John White. There are several magazines and publications that cover topics directly related to the Chesapeake Bay and life and tourism within the Bay region. [66] One report suggested the Bay had fewer oysters in 2008 than 25 years earlier. The Bay would again see conflict during War of 1812. Meaning of chesapeake bay retriever. Chesapeake Bay, largest inlet in the Atlantic Coastal Plain of the eastern United States. The depletion of oysters has had a particularly harmful effect on the quality of the Bay. [10] In 2005, Algonquian linguist Blair Rudes "helped to dispel one of the area's most widely held beliefs: that 'Chesapeake' means something like 'great shellfish bay'. There were so-called "Oyster Wars" in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Chesapeake Bay Watershed: A Basinwide Framework Report and Documentation from the Chesapeake Bay Program Water Quality Goal Implementation Team’s BMP Verification Committee . The mesohaline zone has a medium amount of salt and runs from the Bay Bridge to the mouth of the Rappahannock River. [26][27] Endangered North Atlantic right whale[28] and fin, and minke and sei whales have also been sighted within and in the vicinity of the Bay. Three decades later, in 1607, Europeans again entered the Bay. Chesapeake Bay Retriever, a breed of dog; Chesapeake Corporation, a historical holding company associated with Van Sweringen railroad holdings; Chesapeake Energy, an American publicly held producer of natural gas; Chesapeake Energy Arena, a multi-purpose arena located in downtown … Vol. Oysters are hermaphroditic and will change gender at least once during their lifetime, often starting as male and ending as female; there are numerous ways to cook and eat them, as well as recipes and sauces to accompany oyster dishes. The large rivers entering the Bay from the west have broad mouths and are extensions of the main ria for miles up the course of each river. Chesapeake Bay Colonies synonyms, Chesapeake Bay Colonies pronunciation, Chesapeake Bay Colonies translation, English dictionary definition of Chesapeake Bay Colonies. English Wikipedia - The Free Encyclopedia. The Chesapeake Bay is an estuary to the North Atlantic, lying between the Delmarva Peninsula to the east and the North American mainland to the west. What does chesapeake bay mean? Taking photos and videos, creating maps, and constructing models are all a part of the process of preserving remains. Named Peggy Stewart, the British vessel arrived and attempted to tax the colonists for the purchased tea. Today it has about 36,000. The Chesapeake Bay Watershed. Definition of chesapeake bay retriever in the Definitions.net dictionary. 5466 [109th] Captain John Smith Chesapeake National Historic Trail Designation Act", "Fishing at the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel", "William W. Warner, Chesapeake Bay Author, Dies at 88", "Oyster Restoration Projected to Provide Significant Boost to Bay Grasses While Removing Nitrogen Pollution from the Bay", "Chesapeake Bay Executive Order | Targeting Resources to Better Protect the Chesapeake Bay is Aim of U.S. Department of Agriculture's 202(b) Report", "A Treasure Chest of Fun on Chesapeake Bay", "Amish Farming Draws Rare Government Scrutiny", "Bad Water and the Decline of Blue Crabs in the Chesapeake Bay", "Failing the Chesapeake Bay – Broken Promises on the Bay", "Two Million Dead Fish Appear in Chesapeake Bay", "Estimating Net Present Value in the Northern Chesapeake Bay Oyster Fishery", "In Maryland, Focus on Poultry Industry Pollution", "Chesapeake Bay Progress: Wastewater Pollution Reduction Leads the Way", Oysters Are on the Rebound in the Chesapeake Bay, "Climate change already affecting Chesapeake Bay region", "After decades of waterfront living, climate change is forcing communities to plan their retreat from the coasts", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Underwater Archaeology: History From the Deep", "Fisherman Pulls Up Beastly Evidence of Early Americans", "Revolutionary War shipwrecks near Yorktown getting their first good look in years", "Tom Wisner; Chesapeake Bay served as bard's muse; at 79", Crawford, S. 2012. The Chesapeake Bay is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna, meaning that it was where the river flowed when the sea level was lower.It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay.. Domes S., Lewis M., Moran R., Nyman D.. “Chesapeake Bay Wetlands”. See synonyms for Chesapeake Bay proper noun A large inlet of the North Atlantic on the US coast, extending 320 km (200 miles) northwards through the states of Virginia and Maryland. In 1982, the Virginia Department of Historic Resources along with the first State Underwater Archaeologist, John Broadwater, led an expedition to explore and research a sunken fleet of Revolution-era battleships. All Free. The oligohaline zone has very little salt. Research into the peculiar behavior of tides both at the northern and southern extents of the Bay began in the late 1970s. The Chesapeake Bay is the ria, or drowned valley, of the Susquehanna, meaning that it was where the river flowed when the sea level was lower.It is not a fjord, as the Laurentide Ice Sheet never reached as far south as the northernmost point on the bay.. The People’s Choice 2020 Word Of The Year: 2020 Was A $#@#%%$@! It lies off the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by Maryland and Virginia. Unable to accurately carbon date the stone tool, archaeologists looked at similar styles of blade carving in order to gauge when it was made. [2] With its northern portion in Maryland and the southern part in Virginia, the Chesapeake Bay is a very important feature for the ecology and economy of those two states, as well as others surrounding within its watershed. [23] The waters of the Chesapeake Bay have been regarded one of the most important nursery areas for sharks along the east coast. Construction techniques can tell us about the people who built the vessels, artifacts can tell us about the people who profited from the ship’s trade, and eco-facts—evidence of insect infestation and organic remains, such as seeds, that are preserved in anaerobic, muddy environments—can tell us about the climate and season when a ship sank. [8] The bay is experiencing other environmental concerns, including climate change which is causing sea level rise that erodes coastal areas and infrastructure and changes to the marine ecosystem. It is also the subject of a designated National Historic Trail under the National Park Service as the Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route. Chesapeake Bay, inlet of the Atlantic Ocean, c.200 mi (320 km) long, from 3 to 30 mi (4.8–48 km) wide, and 3,237 sq mi (8,384 sq km), separating the Delmarva Delmarva, peninsula, c.180 mi (290 km) long, separating Chesapeake Bay on the west from Delaware Bay and the Atlantic Ocean on the east; named for the three states (Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia) located in part on it. Crabs are sometimes observed to amass on shore to escape pockets of oxygen-poor water, a behavior known as a "crab jubilee". What Is The Difference Between “It’s” And “Its”? Definition of chesapeake bay in the Definitions.net dictionary. They are unmistakable with their deep tans, their baggy shorts, their frayed polo shirts, their Top-Siders worn without socks. Unfortunately, following the publicity of these sunken ships, many divers have taken it upon themselves to explore the wreckage for 'treasure'.[85]. This was in response to the National Abandoned Shipwreck Act passed in 1987, which gave ownership of historically significant shipwrecks to those states with proper management programs. Vice Admiral Marriot Arbuthnot, commanding the British fleet, did not fear to engage the French at sea, especially after reinforcements under Rear Admiral Thomas Graves arrived hard on the heels of the enemy force. It may have been th… Dictionary.com Unabridged It was sunk the same year in the Potomac River off of the Chesapeake Bay following a high explosives test hosted by the U.S. Navy and has since been a popular site for underwater archaeologists. [24] Megafaunas such as bull sharks, tiger sharks, scalloped hammerhead sharks, and basking sharks[24] and manta rays are also known to visit. Wang, D-P. and A.J. What is the meaning of Chesapeake Bay? 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