In addition General Sir John Craddock, Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army ordered the wearing of a round hat (resembling that associated with both Europeans and Indian Christians) with a leathe… Gillespie dashed ahead of the main force with a single troop of about twenty men. Ask your question. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. set off in 1791 in the third Mysore War to fight Tipu Sultan, the Tiger of Mysore. Who was the Governor-General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny? Lord Lytton. The July 10 outbreak, though encouraged by the Mysore princes, was basically caused by resentment at new British regulations that ordered changes in headgear and shaving style and the prohibition of ornaments and caste marks for the Indian troops. The source code for the WIKI 2 extension is being checked by specialists of the Mozilla Foundation, Google, and Apple. Sadly however the British, didn't quite learn from the Vellore mutiny about the need to be sensitive to Indian ways. 3. [28], English poet Sir Henry Newbolt's poem "Gillespie" is an account of the events of the Vellore mutiny.[29]. Nine hours after the outbreak of the mutiny, a relief force comprising the British 19th Light Dragoons, galloper guns and a squadron of Madras cavalry, rode from Arcot to Vellore, covering 16 miles (26 km) in about two hours. It was the first major uprising by Indian troops during the British Raj in India, resulting in the death of over a hundred Europeans, including over a dozen British officers.The mutiny was quelled as quickly as it flared up, thanks to the prompt response and resolute … • Introduction The Vellore Mutiny was the first large-scale mutiny by Indian soldiers against the British, setting the stage for the 1857 mutiny. Her manuscript account, written two weeks after the massacre, describes how she and her children survived as her husband perished. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In May 1806 some sepoys who protested the new rules were sent to Fort Saint George (Madras then, now Chennai). The news of the uprising shook up England so much that the then governor, William Bentick, and the Commander - in - chief of the Madras army, John Cradock, were both dismissed from their positions. Pillar at Hazrath Makkaan Junction commemorating the Vellore sepoy mutiny. The revolt, which took place in the South Indian city of Vellore, lasted one full day, during which mutineers seized the Vellore Fort and killed or wounded 200 British troops. [26] Perceived insensitivity to sepoy religious and cultural practices (in the form of leather headdresses and greased cartridges) was a factor in both uprisings. About 130 British troops were killed in the initial assault, but the fort was recovered within hours by a relief force of British soldiers and sepoys under Colonel Robert Gillespie from nearby Arcot. On 10 July, 1806, the Vellore Fort became the site of a violent uprising launched by the Indian troops of three Madras Army Native Infantry Battalions. Lord Canning . The three Madras battalions involved in the mutiny were all disbanded. Tipu Sultan: The Forgotten Connection With India's First Sepoy Mutiny. Log in. The town has a memorial dedicated to the mutineers of 1806; a sort of Indian mutiny memorial. Hundreds of mutineers were killed, either in the fighting or in subsequent executions by the British. The office was created in 1773, with the title of Governor-General … [1], The immediate causes of the mutiny revolved mainly around resentment felt towards changes in the sepoy dress code, introduced in November 1805. On July 10th in the early morning, the native sepoys of the 1st and 23rd Regiments started the revolt . In all, nearly 350[19] of the rebels were killed, and about the same number wounded before the fighting had finished. The revolt, which was waged in the Join now. It was basically caused by resentment at new British regulations that ordered changes in headgear and shaving style and the prohibition of ornaments and caste marks for the Indian troops. Lord Canning (1856-62) was Governor General of India during 1857 revolt. 2. There are some parallels between the Vellore Mutiny and that of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, although the latter was on a much larger scale. When the rest of the 19th arrived, Gillespie had them blow open the gates with their galloper guns, and made a second charge with the 69th to clear a space inside the entrance to permit the cavalry to deploy. The events of 1857 (which involved the Bengal Army and did not affect the Madras Army) caused the British crown to take over company property and functions within India through the Government of India Act 1858 which saw the total dissolution of the East India Company. The controversial interference with the social and religious customs of the sepoys was also abolished. Lord Lytton Lord Dalhousie Lord Hardinge Lord Canning BEST EXPLANATION: Lord Canning [10] However, Tipu's sons were reluctant to take charge after the mutiny arose. Key Words: Vellore Mutiny, Cradock, Vellore Fort, Revolt. The Vellore mutiny on 10 July 1806 was the first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company, predating the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by half a century. Colonel Me Kerrasof the 23rd Regiment, was shot down on the parade-ground. [18], The prompt and ruthless response to the mutiny snuffed out any further unrest in a single stroke and provided the history of the British in India with one of its true epics; for, as Gillespie admitted, with a delay of even five minutes, all would have been lost for the British. Lord Hardinge. Among those killed was Colonel St. John Fancourt, the commander of the fort. Updates? VELLOR MUTINY ( Abstract) The Vellore Mutiny was the first illustration of a mutiny by native sepoys (soldiers) against the British East India Company. For a century the Lows of Clatto survived mutiny, siege, debt and disease, everywhere from the heat of Madras to the Afghan snows. In 1806, the Vellore Mutiny was sparked by new uniform regulations that created resentment amongst both Hindu and Muslim sepoys. [9] One of Tipu Sultan's daughters was to be married on 9 July 1806, and the plotters of the uprising gathered at the fort under the pretext of attending the wedding. After the defeat of Tipu Sultan in the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War in 1799 and the end of the Vellore Mutiny in 1806, the British consolidated their power over much of present-day South India with the exception of French Pondichéry. In 1807 Lord Minto came to India as Governor General. Clive’s initial stay in India lasted from 1744 to 1753. There were also complaints about the sepoys’ pay. Tracing the role of Tipu Sultan's sons in the Vellore Mutiny of 1806. It is a part of Vellore and Vellore .Vellore is one of the oldest cities in India and was ruled by Vijaynagara kings over most of its history. [24][25][17], There are some parallels between the Vellore Mutiny and that of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, although the latter was on a much larger scale. The mutiny was subdued by cavalry and artillery from Arcot. Many were captured by local police; to be eventually released or returned to Vellore for court-martial. Two of them – a Hindu and a Muslim – were given 90 lashes each and dismissed from the army. [5][6][7], In addition to the military grievances listed above, the rebellion was also instigated by the sons of the defeated Tipu Sultan, confined at Vellore since 1799. - 2431861 1. in Japanese studies from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. The evidence given before the Committee appointed to inquire into the Vellore Mutiny show that a certain measure of disaffection had appeared on account of the ... employed in plundering property during the catastrophe. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. That's it. Retainers of Tipu's second son Fateh Hyder emerged from the palace part of the complex and joined with the mutineers. Nineteen sepoys were sentenced to 50 lashes each but were pardoned upon seeking pardon from the East India Company. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Who was the governor general of India during the sepoy mutiny? The affair alarmed the British because of its connection with the Mysore princes, who were thereupon removed to Calcutta (now Kolkata). Modern History | Governor general-George Barlow and vellore mutiny(1806). Quite the same Wikipedia. John Blakiston, the engineer who had blown in the gates, recalled: "Even this appalling sight I could look upon, I may almost say, with composure. The mutiny at Vellore in 1806 has been termed by some historians as ‘The First War of Indian Independence’. He was the Governor General during Mutiny pf 1857 and after the war, he was made first Viceroy of India.He withdrew Doctrine of lapse.Indian Council Act was passed in 1861 . The city is constructed in the form of a semi circle and is known as Second Madras too. The residents of Vellore remember the Mutiny with some pride. Omissions? An unwise order by the commander in chief of the Madras army had forbidden the native troops to wear their traditional beards and turbans; Bentinck, even more unwisely, would not allow the order to be rescinded. In this article of Target General Studies, we have covered a very important topic – the Vellore Mutiny and the Revolt of 1857 in British India.The revolt of 1857 is considered the foundation of Indian Nationalism, and is often regarded as our first war of independence. Lord Lawrence: 1864-1869 Just better. 6 ... more trustworthy. Lord Canning, statesman, and governor-general of India during the Indian Mutiny of 1857.The Indian Mutiny of 1857 was a rebellion against the rule of the British East India Company. Ken Pletcher was Senior Editor, Geography and History for Encyclopædia Britannica. 1. The novel Strangers in the Land (1976; .mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Lock-green.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg")right 0.1em center/9px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:linear-gradient(transparent,transparent),url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg")right 0.1em center/12px no-repeat}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:none;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .citation .mw-selflink{font-weight:inherit}ISBN 0-432-14756-X) by George Shipway centers on the Vellore mutiny, from the perspectives of both British and Indian participants. The Vellore mutiny on 10 July 1806 was the first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company, predating the Indian Rebellion of 1857 by half a century. Following the mutiny, both Cradock and Lord William Bentinck (1774-1839), Governor of Bombay, were sacked. But the empire was established. Who was the Governor General of India during the sepoy Mutiny ? Vellore sepoy mutiny was the first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company which was in 10 July 1806. The revolt, which took place in the South Indian city of Vellore, lasted one full day, during which mutineers seized the Vellore Fort and killed or wounded 200 British troops. [15], However, a British officer, Major Coopes, escaped and alerted the garrison in Arcot. 1. Suggest other answer Login to Discuss/suggest the answer... Anirudh 39306 Exam: FREEDOM STRUGGLE 1857 QUESTIONS [20], After formal trial, six mutineers were blown away from guns, five shot by firing squad, eight hanged and five transported. A. Blanco B. Hindus were prohibited from wearing religious marks on their foreheads and Muslims were required to shave their beard and trim their moustache. The Revolt of 1857 was aimed at the removal of British rule and re-establishment of Mughal rule under the hierarchy of Bahadur Shah Zafar whereas the Vellore mutiny outbroke to establish the rule of Tipu Sultan successors. However the scheduling of a field-day for the Madras units on 10 July had required most of the sepoys to spend that night sleeping within the fort so that they could be quickly assembled on parade before dawn. [4], These changes, intended to improve the "soldierly appearance" of the men, created strong resentment among the Indian soldiers. Join now. Corrections? Who was the Governor General of India during the sepoy Mutiny ? The affair alarmed the British because of its connection with the Mysore princes, who were thereupon removed to Calcutta (now Kolkata). In addition General Sir John Craddock, Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army,[2] ordered the wearing of a round hat resembling that associated at the time with both Europeans in general and with Indian converts to Christianity.The new headdress included a leather cockade and was intended to replace the existing turban. The Governor of Madras, William Bentinck, was recalled, and the controversial interference with the social and religious customs of the sepoys was abolished, as was flogging within the Indian regiments. You could also do it yourself at any point in time. BEST EXPLANATION: Lord Canning. [17][21] The senior British officers responsible for the offending dress regulations were recalled to England, including the Commander-in-Chief of Madras Army, John Craddock, the company refusing to pay even his passage. Little effort was made by the British to reassure the men or listen to their grievances, which included the belief that the regulations were detrimental to the religious practices of both Hindus and Muslims. The consequence was a serious mutiny in July…. [22], After the incident, the incarcerated royals in Vellore fort were transferred to Calcutta. [3] These measures offended the sensibilities of both Hindu and Muslim sepoys and went contrary to an earlier warning by a military board that sepoy uniform changes should be "given every consideration which a subject of that delicate and important nature required". Vellore mutiny. The incident began when the sepoys broke into the fort where the many sons and daughters of Tippu Sultan of Mysore and their families had been lodged since their surrender at Seringapatam (now Shrirangapattana) in 1799 during the fourth Mysore War. It is believed, however, that the severity of punishments meted out by the British—which included tying some of those convicted of mutiny to the barrels of cannons and then firing them—deterred sepoys in southern India from joining the Indian Mutiny of 1857–58. It was led by Sir Robert Rollo Gillespie (one of the most capable and energetic officers in India at that time), who reportedly left Arcot within a quarter of an hour of the alarm being raised. [11], The garrison of the Vellore Fort in July 1806 comprised four companies of British infantry from H.M. 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot and three battalions of Madras infantry: the 1st/1st, 2nd/1st and 2nd/23rd Madras Native Infantry. 2 A.D. Cameron, The Vellore Mutiny, University of Edinburgh PhD thesis (1984), 34 3 J. Blakiston, Twelve Years Military Adventure I, 299 (1829) 4 J W Hoover, The Vellore Mutiny: discipline and discontent in the Madras army, 1806-1807 (PhD thesis, University of Wisconsin – Madison, 2000) chapters 4-6 give an excellent account of this. [23] The Governor of Madras, William Bentinck, too was recalled, the Company's Court of Directors regretting that "greater care and caution had not been exercised in examining into the real sentiments and dispositions of the sepoys before measures of severity were adopted to enforce the order respecting the use of the new turban." Hindus were prohibited from wearing religious marks on their foreheads while on duty, and Muslims were required to shave their beards and trim their moustaches. The orders regarding the 'new turbans' (round hats) were also cancelled. Lord William Bentinck, the governor of Madras (now Chennai), and Sir John Cradock (later John Caradock, 1st Baron Howden), the commander in chief at Madras, were both recalled. It was from here that Cornwallis (the same Cornwallis who surrendered to George Washington in 1781 resurfaced five years later as the Governor General in Kolkata.) Who was the Governor General of India during the Sepoy Mutiny? Surviving sepoys scattered across the countryside outside the fort. The 19th and the Madras Cavalry then charged and sabred any sepoy who stood in their way. Captain John Blakiston page 285 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Captain John Blakiston page 295 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Captain John Blakiston page 308 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Saul David, Location 2930 Kindle Edition, "The Devil's Wind", Sharpe Books 2018, 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, "John Company's bloody lesson: on Vellore Fort mutiny of 1806", "An Account Of the Mutiny at Vellore, by the Lady of Sir John Fancourt, the Commandant, who was killed there July 9th, 1806", More about Madras Army and Vellore mutiny, Memorial to H. M. 69th Regiment, who defended Vellore Fort during the uprising, at Church of South India Cemetery, Vellore, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vellore_mutiny&oldid=1000215917, Military history of the British East India Company, Indian independence movement in Tamil Nadu, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 04:02. The reasons for the mutiny revolved mainly around resentment against changes in the sepoy dress code in November 1805. Colonel Fancourt, who commanded the garrison, was their first victim. University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857. The rebels seized control by dawn, and raised the flag of the Mysore Sultanate over the fort. [27], The only surviving eyewitness account of the actual outbreak of the mutiny is that of Amelia Farrer, Lady Fancourt (the wife of St. John Fancourt, the commander of the fort). The Tears of the Rajas is a sweeping history of the British in India, seen through the experiences of a single Scottish family. … osocrabannod18 osocrabannod18 16.10.2019 History Junior High School Who was the governor general during the mutiny? Ramparts and the moat of the Vellore fort Lord Dalhousie. MajorArmstrong was the next officer to be killed during the mutiny. To install click the Add extension button. Governor of Bengal during 1757–60 and again during 1765–67 and established Dual Government in Bengal from 1765–72. Lord Canning. HOME NEWS MOCK TESTS NOTIFICATIONS EXAM CALENDER EXAM SYLLABUS RANKED LIST CATEGORIES PSC NOTES GK QUESTIONS ENGLISH GENERAL SCIENCE PREVIOUS QUESTIONS MODEL QUESTIONS Governor- General-in-Council, dated 15th July 1806. Who was the governor general during the mutiny? The objectives of the civilian conspirators remain obscure but by seizing and holding the fort they may have hoped to encourage a general rising through the territory of the former Mysore Sultanate. Colonel Fancourt, who commanded the garrison, was their first victim. He holds an M.A. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. As per certain theories, The Vellore mutiny has a major similarity with the revolt of 1857. [13], Two hours after midnight on 10 July, the sepoys killed fourteen of their own officers and 115 men of the 69th Regiment,[14]most of the latter as they slept in their barracks. Course of the Vellore Mutiny. In 1857 the sepoys proclaimed the return of Mughal rule by re-installing Bahadur Shah as Emperor of India; in the same way mutineers of Vellore, nearly 50 years before, had attempted to restore power to Tipu Sultan's sons. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. As part of his master's program,... …terminated by the mutiny at Vellore. Vellore Revolt (1806) 1) Who was the Governor of Madras at the time of Vellore revolt – Lord William Bentick 2) Who was the Adjutant General at the time of Vellore revolt – Agnew 3) Who was commander-general who is responsible for Vellore revolt – Sir John Cradock 4) Who introduced a new type of turban which resembles European cap with the shape of cross- Agnew He was called back to India in 1755 to ensure British supremacy in the subcontinent against the Fre… Who was the Governor-General of India during the sepoy Mutiny ? It was now turn to look at the foreign countries and establish diplomatic relations with them. [17] About 100 sepoys who had sought refuge inside the palace were brought out, and by Gillespie's order, placed against a wall and shot dead. It was an act of summary justice, and in every respect a most proper one; yet, at this distance of time, I find it a difficult matter to approve the deed, or to account for the feeling under which I then viewed it". The mutiny was subdued by dawn, but it sends ripples of fear among the British overlords, as first sign of losing an empire. [8] Tipu's wives and sons, together with numerous retainers, were pensioners of the East India Company and lived in a palace within the large complex comprising the Vellore Fort. Lord William Bentinck, the governor of Madras (now Chennai), and Sir John Cradock (later John Caradock, 1st Baron Howden), the commander in chief at Madras, were both recalled. [16], Arriving at Vellore, Gillespie found the surviving Europeans, about sixty men of the 69th, commanded by NCOs and two assistant surgeons, still holding part of the ramparts but out of ammunition. Get the answers you need, now! https://www.britannica.com/event/Vellore-Mutiny. But Vellore Mutiny was thebresult of spontaneous outflow of the feelings of the sepoys who served under the Company. Log in. Colonel Me Karras of the 23rd Regiment was shot down on the parade-ground. Unable to gain entry through the defended gate, Gillespie climbed the wall with the aid of a rope and a sergeant's sash which was lowered to him; and, to gain time, led the 69th in a bayonet-charge along the ramparts. 1) Lord Canning 2) Lord Dalhousie 3) Lord Hastings 4) Lord Lytton: 1554: 5 Previous Next. [12] The usual practice for sepoys having families with them in Vellore was to live in individual huts outside the walls. The rebellion began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company’s army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut. Vellore Mutiny, outbreak against the British on July 10, 1806, by sepoys (Indian troops employed by the British) at Vellore (now in Tamil Nadu state, southern India). 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